How to Treat Asthma and Anaphylaxis Emergency at Home

Asthma and anaphylaxis can be managed by using medication, avoiding triggers and following a plan of action that was created for you by your doctor. Asthma attaches and anaphylactic shocks can narrow tour airways and cause the muscles around them to tighten. These reactions require immediate care as these situations can become dangerous in a matter of seconds. If you or someone in your household suffers from severe allergies or asthma it is a good idea to attend a first aid training course in case you are faced with a medical emergency. The team at Harberry Training have created a list on how to treat asthma and anaphylaxis emergency at home.

First Aid Training in Northern Ireland


Signs of an Asthma or Anaphylaxis Attack:

If you suffer from asthma or severe allergies, you should be prepared for an emergency even if you have your symptoms under control for a number of years. Knowing how to spot these symptoms will help you to monitor your condition and whether you need emergency treatment that could save your life.

Signs of an asthma attack include:

  • Continuous coughing that doesn’t stop
  • Wheezing and shortness of breath
  • Tightness in your chest
  • Quick and heavy breathing
  • Pale or red face

Signs of anaphylaxis include:

  • Anxiousness
  • Confusion and extreme tiredness
  • Difficulty walking, talking or completing daily tasks
  • Feeling out of breath and trouble breathing
  • Lips and fingernails turning blue
  • Unconsciousness


Recognising and treating these symptoms quickly may help to prevent the attack from getting worse. There are a number of things you can learn from our first aid training Northern Ireland that will help you to treat these symptoms at home and when to recognise when emergency care is required.

Treating Asthma and Anaphylaxis Emergency at Home

If someone is having an asthma attack or experiencing anaphylaxis, you should follow the instructions that are outlined on their prescribed medication. 


  • Ask the person to sit up straight rather than lie down. This will help to keep their airways clear if they are struggling to breathe.


  • Remain calm as stress can cause your chest to tighten which will make it harder for the person to breathe.


  • For those with asthma, they should take one puff of their reliever inhaler every 30 to 60 seconds with a maximum of 10 puffs. If you are suffering from anaphylaxis they should use their auto-injector. For guidance on how to use this read the information on the packaging.


  • If these symptoms continue to worsen after treatment you should call the ambulance. Continue to sit with the person and keep them calm until the emergency services arrive at the incident.


  • Alternatively, if the treatment works and the symptoms start to calm down, sit with the casualty until they are feeling better and can continue with their day to day activities.


when to use your first aid kit

At Harberry Training we have a range of first aid courses that will help you when faced with an emergency situation. Using these skills can be the difference between life and death for some people and can help to monitor a casualty until the emergency services arrive. For more information on the range of level 3 first aid courses available, get in touch with a member of our team today for more information.

Get In Contact Today

Come and see us in person:

first aid best practices